Official English Name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Official Local Name(s): د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت (Pashto)
Common English Name: Afghanistan
Capital: Kabul

Below are some quick facts about Afghanistan and the people that inhabit it!

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$1,900 (USD)

Currency

؋ (Afghani)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = ؋66.06 

Cultural Notes

National Game

Afghanistan’s national game is goat-grabbing, called Buzkashi, which, as the name indicates, is not for the faint at heart.

Greetings

Handshakes are the general form of greeting, with men then putting their right hand over their hearts. However, men and women can never shake hands with each other, in addition to make eye contact or speak directly with one another.

Communication

Internet Code

.af

Phone Code

+93

People

Demonym:

Afghan

Religions:

Sunni Muslim (87%)
Shi’a Muslim (13%)

Largest City:

Kabul (3,589,000)

Other Cities:

Qandahar (491,500)
Herat (436,300)
Mazar-e-Sharif (368,100)
Kunduz (304,600)
Taloqan (219,000)

Geography

Region:

South Asia

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

652,230 km2

Total Coastline:

None (Landlocked)

Climate

Arid to semiarid
Cold winters
Hot summers

Terrain:

Mostly rugged mountains
Plains in the north and southwest

Highest Point

Noshak (7,485 m)

Lowest Point

Amu Darya (258 m)

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Floods
Droughts

Government

Type:

Islamic Republic

Head of State:

President Ashraf Ghani

Admin. Divisions

34 Provinces

Independence:

19 August 1919 (from the United Kingdom)

Nat'l Symbol:

Lion

Nat'l Anthem:

Milli surood

Languages

Dari, Pashto, Uzbek,
Turkmen, Balochi, Pashai,
Nuristani

resources

Natural gas, Petroleum, Coal, Copper, Chromite,
Talc, Barites, Sulfur, Lead, Zinc, Iron ore,
Salt, Precious stones, Semi-precious stones

neighbors

Pakistan (East and South), Iran (West),
Turkmenistan (Northwest), Uzbekistan (North),
Tajikistan (North), China (Northeast)

Ethnic groups

Pashtun (40%), Tajik (33%),
Hazara (11%), Uzbek (9%),
Turkmen (2%)